Contents of Report
She has an interesting deckhouse layout that places the helm aft on a pedestal so the captain overlooks the galley and dining area. She has clearly been designed for sailors who have decided to switch to power, but like the comfortable feeling of binnacle steering. In many respects, the boat is like a pilothouse motorsailer without the masts and sails.
The Bavaria E40 Sedan is an efficient, environmentally responsible cruiser providing economical, comfortable displacement-speed cruising for a party of up to six persons. Her hull is designed to be easily driven through the water, and her topsides reflect modern trends in powerboat design, with a plumb stem and a pugnacious profile.
A freestanding pedestal set in the aft part of the deckhouse provides a long look over the forward galley and dining area. The helm has a tachometer with a multi-function digital readout in the bottom plus a fuel level gauge and a rudder-position indicator. To starboard is a Garmin GPSMap 7410 chartplotter in clear view above the Lewmar stainless steel steering wheel.
The boat is available with bow and stern thrusters and the joysticks are placed to port. The digital engine controls are to starboard. Down low to port on the helm pedestal are the battery switches and air conditioning controls. The main electrical panel, stereo and USB and auxiliary ports are on the front of the helm console.
Forward of the helm, to port, the galley has a sink, two-burner stove and a microwave/convection oven. There’s a small drawer-style freezer and, for extended cruising, a larger refrigerator/freezer behind the cabin stairs. There’s appropriate storage in drawers and cabinets. To starboard, there’s a lounge that wraps around the adjustable-height dinette table. Large windows on each side and the windshield provide excellent views all around.
A glass door opens to the E40 Sedan’s cockpit and the triple-section aft window in the salon slides to starboard to let in plenty of air. The cockpit lounge wraps around a table.
The Swim Platform
Twin gates close off the passage to the stern where the boat has a hinged swim platform that folds into the transom when not in use. It opens easily with a pull rope and handle that fits into a dedicated spot in the deck. With the platform down, there’s a standard shower, with hot and cold water, to starboard and the utility and shorepower connections are to port. A 500-lb. (227 kg) davit to starboard will come in handy when bringing aboard a tender or outboard motor.
From the cockpit, passengers can head forward to the E40 Sedan’s bow in side passageways that measure 1’2” (35.56cm) wide. Rails are 26” (66.04 cm) tall and have cables at about mid height. The bow has a removable cushion that’s large enough to accommodate three sunbathers. In the forepeak, the windlass is recessed beneath the deck.
The E40 Sedan is available in a layout with either two or three staterooms. Bavaria considers the forward cabin the master quarters. The V-shaped berth can be closed together or split for two individuals to sleep with space between them. There’s a deck hatch overhead plus side windows and ports that open to let in sea breezes. Our boat had the two-cabin layout with hanging lockers at the aft end of the quarters on each side.
Master Head: The E40 Sedan has separate shower and head compartments. The latter has a full standup shower in a molded fiberglass stall, while the former has the sink and a toilet.
Guest Cabin: Our test boat had the two-cabin layout with a spacious guest cabin aft. The island berth measures 6’5" x 5'4" (1.65 m x 1.63 m). There's standing headroom (6'5"/1.96 m) at the foot of the berth, but it drops to 4'3" (1.3 m) alongside the berth and 3' (.91 m) directly above, where it’s designed more for sitting up on the mattress. There are two hanging lockers and the same hullside windows and opening ports we saw in the forward quarters.
Guest/Day Head: Passengers in the guest cabin need to exit their quarters to use the head. It’s across the passageway and is a “wet” head, which means it has a sink with a pull-up shower and the toilet in the same compartment.
Bavaria builds the E40 Sedan with a process it calls Vacutec. It’s a vacuum-infusion technology that focuses on optimizing weight and strength. The manufacturer says the fabrication system reduces weight by 20% and emissions from the lamination processes by 80%.
Power and Performance
Leisurely cruising doesn't demand a lot of horsepower: The E40 Sedan has a single Volvo Penta diesel in her amidships engine room. Standard power is a 75-hp D2, with 150-hp D3 and 300-hp D4 diesels available. Our test boat carried the D4 option. Estimated test weight was 24,239 lbs. (10,995 kg).
At full power, she ran 13.9 knots, burning 1 gph -- given the E40's 71-gallon (268 L) fuel tanks, a cruising range at that speed was 63.5 nautical miles, with a 10% reserve. But that's characteristic of a displacement hull driven beyond its efficient speed/length ratio. The boat should be driven there, except in a pinch.
Hull Speed. The limit of efficient speed of a displacement hull depends on the waterline length, or, more accurately, the square root of LWL. Displacement hulls run most efficiently at speeds, in knots, from 1.1x up to about 1.25 x the square root of LWL.
The Bavaria E40 measures 37'9" (11.55 m) LWL; the square root of that is 6.14. Multiply that by 1.25 and we get 7.7 kts. Then, her fuel burn will start to increase faster than her speed until she crested the naval architect's "hump" at a speed/length ratio of 1.7 or so.
Pushing Past Displacement Speeds
Our test bore this out: At 1500 rpm and 6.6 kts, our test showed a fuel efficiency of 5.3 nmpg and a range of 336 n.m., keeping a 10% reserve as we always do. At 1750 rpm and 7.3 kts., we saw 4.0 nmpg, 258 n.m. range, and at 2000 rpm, 8.1 kts., 3.4 nmpg and 220 n.m. Cracking the throttle open beyond this continued to push speed up, but at the cost of efficiency, until at 3000 rpm and 10.3 kts. her fuel consumption was 1.2 nmpg, range just 79 n.m. From 3000 rpm up to WOT, however, her fuel burn increased only a bit, while her speed increased to 13.9 kts. as she accelerated down the back side of the hump.
So, E40 owners needing a burst of speed to get home in front of a squall or before nightfall (and who have opted for the Volvo Penta D4 that we tested) can firewall the throttles without too much fuel-burn penalty over just fast cruising — just watch the fuel level. While we don't recommend running a diesel at full speed for long periods of time, a few hours of racing here and there won't hurt.
Diesel engines like to run at 75 or 80% of their maximum rpm. For the Volvo Penta D4 in our test boat, that's between 2700 and 2900 rpm, roughly. But the best cruising range comes at lower revs.
We recommend that folks who want long range, and who don't need the extra speed, should consider a smaller diesel, as the added horsepower only is needed when pushing the boat to 10 knots or faster.
We tested the E40 Sedan in calm conditions so any waves we encountered were the wakes created by our photo boat. She turned predictably and stayed level with her plumb bow carving through head-on waves with ease. We did find that a following sea can cause a little bit of a roll, but the E40 Sedan recovered quickly.
Having a single engine means convenient repair and maintenance access. Bavaria separates the batteries on each side of the compartment for proper balance and positions the generator on its own platform to port. We found good access to service items, but would have preferred that the thru-hulls were bonded, something not required by the ABYC standards, but which most builders do.
All Access. The Bavaria Information System, known as BAVIS, provides information at any time for a given boat. Short videos show how on board systems work so owners can find answers to questions quickly using their smart phone or tablet. The manufacturer also has the Bavaria + online service, Academy and an accessories website.
The Bavaria E40 Sedan was clearly intended for a couple making the transition from sail to power. Because she has a single inboard and the aft-positioned helm, she’ll feel something like a sailboat under power. And, anyone who has manned the helm of a sailboat when it is raining and cold, knows full-well the advantage of an enclosed helm.
But the E40 Sedan is also designed for boating on Europe’s canals and river systems. Her height above her waterline is 11’2” (3.4 m) which should clear most of the bridges on major waterways. Here, her enclosed helm, displacement speed, economical operation, and cozy interior lend her well to three season cruising. And very much the same could be said of the ICW and the Great Lakes canal system in the U.S. and Canada.
She has the space above and below decks for two couples to enjoy an extended cruise. Bavaria smartly used large salon and aft windows that provide excellent views of the outdoors, which enhances the on-water experience.
Test Result Highlights
- Top speed for the Bavaria E40 Sedan (2018-) is 16.0 mph (25.7 kph), burning 14.0 gallons per hour (gph) or 52.99 liters per hour (lph).
- Best cruise for the Bavaria E40 Sedan (2018-) is 10.6 mph (17.1 kph), and the boat gets 2.0 miles per gallon (mpg) or 0.85 kilometers per liter (kpl), giving the boat a cruising range of 127 miles (204.39 kilometers).
- Tested power is 1 x 300-hp Volvo Penta D4.
Standard and Optional Features
|Outlet: 12-Volt Acc||Standard|
Full Warranty Information on this brand coming soon!
(It's quick and FREE!)